Plants that have already bloomed or suffered frost damage should best be pruned to encourage new growth. Remember to also cut down the dead parts of anything that lasts through winters. Remove old canes and leafs and make space for fresh spring growth. Don’t be afraid to cut herbs, especially mint ruthlessly right down to the soil. They will thank you for it by growing healthy and vigorously as soon as spring hits.
To maintain the constant bloom of shrubs, perennials and annuals over the months ahead, remove spent flowers regularly. This procedure is funnily enough called “deadheading” and despite the brutal ring to it your plants will not die from it, they will produce more flowers simply because they have not created seeds when you cut the dead flowers which is the sole reason why plants create flowers. You are forcing them to restart the cycle of creating flowers in hopes of developing seeds.
Using a metal rake gently rake the lawn to remove built up and winter debris. It also helps lifting the grass for ideal and efficient cutting. Keep in mind that bare patches attract weeds, so it is important to re-sow them now. Fork the soil to break it up, then firm and level it before sowing new grass seeds. Water regularly if the ground is dry and keep everyone off the areas that are being resown until the new grass is growing.
Like every gardener I love to nurture my garden. Early spring is the best time of the year to give everything in the garden a good dose of fertilizer. The choices are endless and you can pick and choose whatever you feel comfortable with.
A slow-release fertilizer in the form of pellets might be the best choice if you are a beginner or want an easy and time efficient way of getting the job done. It breaks down slowly and releases it’s nutrients into the soil where the growing plants absorb it over time.
You can also opt for the most natural form and go for manure. It is entirely up to you and your preference.